Archaeology in Camp Verde
Ancient Cultures of the Verde Valley

When white settlers arrived in the Camp Verde area to establish farms, they discovered the remains of ancient cultures. Spread generously across the valley floor, surrounding hills, and the occasional cliff face, were stone pueblos in various states of ruin. The sight of these buildings and associated artifacts amazed and perplexed the newcomers, and ultimately lured a number of military and government-funded scientists to the valley to try and solve the riddle of who had left such and indelible mark on the landscape.

Over the subsequent decades, archaeologists have worked to unravel the story of at least two different cultures. The Hohokam culture came first, presumably from the south, followed by the Sinagua, presumably from the north. By all indications the two cultures thrived here for about 1,200 to 1,500 years before disappearing around 1425 AD for reasons still not fully understood.

Three local cultural sites–Montezuma Castle, Montezuma Well and Tuzigoot–are now National Monuments, protected and interpreted by the National Park Service. North of Flagstaff, a fourth site, Wupatki, is also administered by the National Park Service.

Two other sites, the petroglyph walls at Crane Petroglyph Heritage Site and the cliff houses of Honanki and Palatki, are protected and interpreted by the United States Forest Service. But hundreds of major and minor sites lay about the landscape, unprotected, across the vast majority in the Camp Verde area.


Please remember that these public archaeological treasures are protected by federal law. Do not remove artifacts or deface these sites in any way.

Archaeology Sites in and near Camp Verde

Crane Petroglyph Heritage Site

Southeast of I-17 at Sedona Exit 298

Sacred Mountain

Not far from V Bar V Heritage Site

Palatki Heritage Site

Off Dry Creek Road, Sedona

Montezuma Well National Monument

Near Rimrock, 11 miles northeast of Montezuma Castle

Montezuma Castle National Monument

In Camp Verde on Montezuma Castle Road

Mindeleff Cavates

Across the Verde River from the Beasley Flat Day Use Area

Honanki Heritage Site

Located in the Coconino National Forest, about 15 miles west of Sedona

Clear Creek Ruins

Located on the south side of State Route 260

Verde Valley Archaeology Center and Museum

Camp Verde is lucky to have the Verde Valley Archaeology Center and musuem. Their mission is “to preserve archaeological sites and collections, to curate collections locally and to make them available for research and education; to develop partnerships with American Indians, cultural groups and the communities it serves; and to foster a deeper understanding of prehistory and American Indian history in the Verde Valley through the science of archaeology.” Visit their website for more information about their organization, how to become a member and find things to do in the area.